Boullée, Étienne-Louis


Boullée, Étienne-Louis
(1728-1799)
   architect, artist
   Born in Paris, Étienne-Louis Boullée was a neoclassical architect, best known for his visionary but unrealized designs for ideal buildings. At first trained as a painter, after 1740 he built private mansions (hôtel de Brunoy, 1774) and châteaux (Chaville, 1764), in which, going against the prevailing rococo style, he employed many ancient Greek and Roman architectural elements, recalling the classicism of the 17th century now considered characteristic of the louis XV style. Influenced by the drawings of Piranesi and documents on early Hellenic, oriental, and Egyptian architecture published as a result of numerous archaeological expeditions done at the time, he conceived projects of colossal monuments (the cenotaph for Isaac Newton, 1788-Boulée's best-known design—with an immense exterior sphere of light). Developing a symbolism in accord with the secular spirit of the Revolution of 1789 and its ideals, he put forth an esthetic founded on an imitation of ancient architecture and, above all, inspired by geometric forms found in nature (Essai sur l'art, 1783-93). A gifted teacher, Boullée influenced a generation of French architects. And certain of his revolutionary and monumental conceptions would prefigure those of the Russian avant-garde movement of the 1920s.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boullée, Étienne-Louis — born Feb. 12, 1728, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 6, 1799, Paris French architect, theorist, and teacher. He studied architecture and opened his own studio by age 19. Through his investigation of the properties of geometric forms, to which he attributed… …   Universalium

  • Boullée, Étienne-Louis — (12 feb. 1728, París, Francia–6 feb. 1799, París). Arquitecto, teórico y profesor francés. Estudió arquitectura y abrió su propio estudio a la edad de 19 años. A través de su investigación de las propiedades de las formas geométricas, a las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BOULLÉE, Étienne-Louis — (1728 1799)    See NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Etienne-Louis Boullee — Étienne Louis Boullée Étienne Louis Boullée, Projet de cénotaphe à Newton, vue en élévation, 1784 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Étienne-Louis Boullée — Étienne Louis Boullée, Projet de cénotaphe à Newton, vue en élévation, 1784 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Étienne-louis boullée — Étienne Louis Boullée, Projet de cénotaphe à Newton, vue en élévation, 1784 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Etienne-Louis Boullee — Étienne Louis Boullée [bule] (* 12. Februar 1728 in Paris; † 6. Februar 1799 in Paris) war ein klassizistischer französischer Architekt, der teilweise bis heute die zeitgenössische Architektur beeinflusst. Gemeinsam mit Claude Nicolas Ledoux ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Etienne Louis Boullée — Étienne Louis Boullée [bule] (* 12. Februar 1728 in Paris; † 6. Februar 1799 in Paris) war ein klassizistischer französischer Architekt, der teilweise bis heute die zeitgenössische Architektur beeinflusst. Gemeinsam mit Claude Nicolas Ledoux ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Étienne-Louis Boullée — Cenotafio a Newton, 1784 Nacimiento 12 de febrero de 1728 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Étienne-Louis Boullée — (February 12, 1728 February 4, 1799) was a visionary French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects and is still influential today. Life Born in Paris, he studied under Jacques François Blondel, Germain… …   Wikipedia


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